Best way to estimate costs for invasive plant removal? Get out and dig

Source: ScienceDaily

According to an agricultural ecologist, many cost estimates for cleaning up unwanted, invasive plants are just that: estimates, extrapolated via desktop analysis from relatively scant data. Unsatisfied with that, researchers have suffered hornet attacks and years of backbreaking labor to arrive at real dollars and cents associated with removal of escaped Miscanthus plants.

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2022/10/221011161231.htm