Fish migration tracked by testing DNA in seawater

For the first time, researchers have successfully recorded fish migration by conducting DNA tests on seawater samples. Using this method to estimate the abundance...

Algal residue: Alternative carbon resource for pharmaceuticals and polyesters

Algal residue, the leftover material after extracting oil from algae for biofuel, can be used to produce key industrial chemicals, researchers have determined.

Developing a microinsurance plan for California earthquakes

Nine out of 10 Californians are uninsured against earthquake risk, which could slow economic recovery in neighborhoods and cities around the state after a...

Anticipating hazards from fracking-induced earthquakes in Canada and US

As hydraulic fracturing operations expand in Canada and in some parts of the United States, researchers are taking a closer look at ways to...

Seismologists offer detailed look at New Zealand’s Kaikoura earthquake

The magnitude 7.8 Kaikoura earthquake that struck the South Island of New Zealand last November was the largest on-land recorded earthquake in the country's...

Polar glaciers may be home to previously undiscovered carbon cycle

Microbes in streams flowing on the surface of glaciers in the Arctic and Antarctic may represent a previously underestimated source of organic material and...

Technology to improve rockfall analysis on cliffs could save money, lives

Researchers have developed a new, automated technology to analyze the potential for rockfalls from cliffs onto roads and areas below, which should speed and...

Evaluating cultural value of landscapes using geotagged photos

A new method has been devised for assessing the cultural value of landscapes using geotagged photos shared on a social-networking service. Data obtained with...

Ant agricultural revolution began 30 million years ago in dry, desert-like climate

Millions of years before humans discovered agriculture, ants were farming fungus beneath the surface of the Earth. By tracing their evolutionary history, scientists have...

Predictive model measuring nitrous oxide emissions in streams, rivers

When it comes to greenhouse gases, carbon dioxide tends to steal the spotlight -- but new research reveals how scientists have developed a new,...

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Discovery in northern lakes may be key to understanding early life on Earth

Many Canadian lakes can provide new insights into ancient oceans, a team of researchers has discovered, and these findings could advance research about greenhouse...

Indigenous peoples given a voice at UN climate talks

In a landmark deal, nations gathered in Bonn agreed to create a platform for indigenous peoples to actively participate in the UN climate talks.  For...

Wildfires set to increase: could we be sitting on a tinderbox in Europe?

2017 was one of the worst years on record for fires in Europe, with over 800,000 hectares of land burnt in Portugal, Italy and...

What makes two species different?

For most of the 20th century, scientists believed that the reproductive incompatibility between species evolved gradually as a by-product of adapting to different environments....

Earliest life may have arisen in ponds, not oceans

Primitive ponds may have provided a suitable environment for brewing up Earth's first life forms, more so than oceans, a new study finds. Researchers...