Newly discovered volcanic rock minerals may offer new insights into earth’s evolution

Scientists have found evidence showing that komatiites, or three-billion-year old volcanic rock found within the Earth's mantle, had a different composition than modern ones....

Additional hurdle to widespread planting of bioenergy crops identified

A study examining how certain decisions impact what farmers plant and harvest identified one crucial factor that researchers believe needs to be added to...

Scientists identify hotspots of coastal risks in Latin America and the Caribbean

The catastrophic 2017 hurricane season provided ample demonstrations of the vulnerability of populations and infrastructure in coastal areas to natural disasters. A new study...

Animals’ mitochondria defenses discovered in plants

Scientists have discovered that the mechanism that mitochondria use to defend mammalian cells against protein-damaging stress also exists in plants.

Newly discovered orangutan species is ‘among the most threatened great apes in the world’

Scientists have long recognized six living species of great ape aside from humans: Sumatran and Bornean orangutans, eastern and western gorillas, chimpanzees, and bonobos....

How toxic air clouds mental health

Researchers have found a link between air pollution and psychological distress. The higher the level of particulates in the air, the study showed, the...

Warm air helped make 2017 ozone hole smallest since 1988

Measurements from satellites this year showed the hole in Earth's ozone layer that forms over Antarctica each September was the smallest observed since 1988,...

Mimicking giant clams to enhance the production of biofuel

Researchers are working together to create an artificial system that mimics the process by which giant clams convert sunlight into energy. The research may...

Help for contaminated groundwater: Dioxane-chomping microbe

Researchers have discovered a bacteria-borne gene that triggers the degradation of dioxane, a groundwater contaminant and suspected carcinogen. The discovery could lead to a...

Fifty-years of data from a ‘living’ oxygen minimum lab could help predict the oceans’...

Researchers have released 50 years' worth of data chronicling the deoxygenating cycles of a fjord off Canada's west coast, and detailing the response of...

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Reasons for Japan to dump nuclear power more obvious now than ever.

It has been nearly six years since the triple-meltdown at the Fukushima No. 1 nuclear plant. Two things seem symbolic of this time: the...

Pruitt's political friends come to lobby.

Glenn Coffee and Crystal Coon, both associates from U.S. EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt's political days in Oklahoma, have registered to lobby in Washington. Photo...

Hydrology: Increasing river flood risk

Earth's Future http://doi.org/bzpc (2017) GARY DYSON / ALAMY STOCK PHOTO The hydrological cycle is predicted to strengthen with global warming, increasing the amount and intensity of...

Cosumnes River provides model for floodplain restoration in California.

With California’s surface drought over, the state can prioritize investing in groundwater recharge and floodplain restoration to help fight one of its biggest lingering...

Cold-water corals: Acidification harms, warming promotes growth

The cold-water coral Lophelia pertusa is able to counteract negative effects of ocean acidification under controlled laboratory conditions when water temperature rises by a...