Enhanced North Pacific impact on El Niño/Southern Oscillation under greenhouse warming

Source: Nature.com

Nature Climate Change, Published online: 16 September 2021; doi:10.1038/s41558-021-01139-x

The North Pacific Meridional Mode (NPMM) can trigger El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events. Climate simulations suggest that with warming ocean temperatures, the NPMM’s impact on future ENSO strengthens, contributing to increased frequency of future extreme ENSO events and their predictability.