Future high-resolution El Niño/Southern Oscillation dynamics

Nature Climate Change, Published online: 26 August 2021; doi:10.1038/s41558-021-01132-4

High-resolution climate models exhibit reduced tropical Pacific mean-state biases due to better representation of ocean mesoscale processes, like tropical instability waves. With climate warming, these improved dynamics project weaker El Niño/Southern Oscillation sea surface temperature variability.