Source: Science Daily
To take full advantage of biomass, lignin needs to be processed into usable components along with the plant cellulose. Currently, that process requires an acid plus high heat, or pyrolysis — treating with high heat in the absence of oxygen. Besides being energy-consuming processing methods, the results are less than optimal. Scientists are now working to develop a method to deconstruct lignin in a way that is economically feasible and into stable, readily useful components.