Soil tainted by air pollution expels carbon

New research suggests nitrogen released by gas-powered machines causes dry soil to let go of carbon and release it back into the atmosphere, where...

1. 5-degree goal not plausible: Social change more important than physical tipping points

Limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius is currently not plausible, as is shown in a new, central study. Climate policy, protests, and the...

Over 4% of summer mortality in European cities is attributable to urban heat islands

Over four percent of deaths in cities during the summer months are due to urban heat islands, and one third of these deaths could...

Thin, lightweight layer provides radiation barrier for perovskites in space, protection from elements on...

An ultrathin protective coating proves sufficient to protect a perovskite solar cell from the harmful effects of space and harden it against environmental factors...

With rapidly increasing heat and drought, can plants adapt?

As deserts expanded their range over the past 5-7 million years, many plants invaded the new biome and rapidly diversified, producing amazing adaptations to...

Aquatic organisms respond to flooding and drought disturbance in different ways

Populations of various species of aquatic insects and other invertebrates respond to flooding and waterway drying due to drought in different ways that can...

Deer browsing is just one of many factors shaping North American forests

In a new study, a research team discovered evidence that browsing by white-tailed deer had relatively little long-term impact on two tree species in...

Biorefinery uses microbial fuel cell to upcycle resistant plant waste

Researchers have developed a sustainable, inexpensive two-step process that can upcycle organic carbon waste -- including lignin, a difficult-to-breakdown material that gives plants their...

Understanding plants can boost wildland-fire modeling in uncertain future

A new conceptual framework for incorporating the way plants use carbon and water, or plant dynamics, into fine-scale computer models of wildland fire provides...

Recreating the natural light-harvesting nanorings in photosynthetic bacteria

Photosynthesis in plants and some bacteria relies on light-harvesting (LH) supramolecules, which come in different structures. So far, these LH molecules have not been...

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More than one way to build a black bird

For a species of flycatcher in the remote Solomon Islands, scientists have so far found at least two genetic pathways leading to the same...

The evolution of climate change activism studied by researcher

Climate change is a topic that is debated, doubted and covered by news outlets across the world. Now an academic is researching the evolution...

NASA links port-city sea levels to regional ice melt

A new NASA tool links changes in sea level in 293 global port cities to specific regions of melting land ice, such as southern Greenland and...

Scientists find ‘natural pulses’ in recent melting of West Antarctic ice sheet

Natural ocean variability is heightening the rate of retreat of the West Antarctic ice sheet, a new study finds. A 16-year study of ocean conditions...