Past records help to predict different effects of future climate change on land and sea

Ongoing climate change driven by greenhouse gas emissions is often discussed in terms of global average warming. For example, the landmark Paris Agreement seeks to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees C, relative to pre-industrial levels. However, the extent of future warming will not be the same throughout the planet. One of the clearest regional differences in climate change is the faster warming over land than sea. This ‘terrestrial amplification’ of future warming has real-world implications for understanding and dealing with climate change.