Deep learning expands study of nuclear waste remediation

A research collaboration has achieved exaflop performance with a deep learning application used to model subsurface flow in the study of nuclear waste remediation.

Individual climate models may not provide the complete picture

Equilibrium climate sensitivity -- how sensitive the Earth's climate is to changes in atmospheric carbon dioxide -- may be underestimated in individual climate models,...

Deep neural networks speed up weather and climate models

A team of environmental and computation scientists is using deep neural networks, a type of machine learning, to replace the parameterizations of certain physical...

New material points toward highly efficient solar cells

A new type of material for next-generation solar cells eliminates the need to use lead, which has been a major roadblock for this technology.

Some hoppy news: Hops don’t need to go dormant in order to flower

In a study that wraps up three years and 13 growth cycles of several popular hop varieties, researchers are upending conventional wisdom hop growers...

Half of Piedmont drinking wells may exceed NC’s hexavalent chromium standards

A new study which combines measurements from nearly 1,400 drinking water wells across North Carolina estimates that more than half of the wells in...

Iron-based solar cells on track to becoming more efficient

An international study shows that 30% of the energy in a certain type of light-absorbing iron molecule disappears in a previously unknown manner. By...

Ancient rain gauge: New evidence links groundwater, climate changes in deep time

Changes in groundwater millions of years ago created alternating layers of vivid yellow and brown in the mineral sphalerite, and those variations align with...

Last Arctic ice refuge is disappearing

The oldest and thickest Arctic sea ice is disappearing twice as fast as ice in the rest of the Arctic Ocean, according to new...

New exploration method for geothermal energy

Where to drill? This is the basic question in the exploration of underground energy resources, such as geothermal energy. A research team presents a...

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Les glaces de l'Arctique pourraient disparaître l'été malgré l'accord de Paris

La banquise de l'Arctique a régulièrement rétréci au cours des dernières décennies, que ce soit en superficie ou en épaisseur, ce qui met à...

Pruitt's political friends come to lobby.

Glenn Coffee and Crystal Coon, both associates from U.S. EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt's political days in Oklahoma, have registered to lobby in Washington. Photo...

Hydrology: Increasing river flood risk

Earth's Future http://doi.org/bzpc (2017) GARY DYSON / ALAMY STOCK PHOTO The hydrological cycle is predicted to strengthen with global warming, increasing the amount and intensity of...

Cosumnes River provides model for floodplain restoration in California.

With California’s surface drought over, the state can prioritize investing in groundwater recharge and floodplain restoration to help fight one of its biggest lingering...

Cold-water corals: Acidification harms, warming promotes growth

The cold-water coral Lophelia pertusa is able to counteract negative effects of ocean acidification under controlled laboratory conditions when water temperature rises by a...